From: "Lis" <>

Greetings, all. This week's Links list is dedicated to Medieval France. I
hope you enjoy this week's offering. Please feel free to pass it along
wherever it will find an appreciative audience, and feel free to use it to
update your own Links pages.



Museums of France
A list of links to the web pages of many museums in France. Site is in

The Tincture Purpure
A discussion of the color purpure (purple) in Heraldry

The Company of Ordinanace
(Medieval French Archery and Gunnery Re-enactors)
(Site Excerpt) The Company dress in authentic period costume made from the
materials available in the 15th century (or as near as is possible) and
portray a group of Burgundian Mercenary Gunners, Soldiers and followers from
the Town of Auxerre. All the equipment used, weapons and armour are as close
to being authentic as is possible with the limited amount of research
material available. The Duke of Burgundy Charles Valois had a large standing
army and made good use of artillery, employing large numbers of specialist
gunners. Burgundy was therefore at this time rich with skilled gunners and a
lot of mercenaries made good, if short lives in the armies of Burgundy.

The Way of Dining
A Medieval French Poem (translated to English) which offers more health
advice than dining expertise. (Site Excerpt) To a man in good health every
kind of labor before food is commendable;/To him, too, rest is expedient,
When his stomach is replenished with food./Moderate exorcise relieves
swelled stomachs;/It dissipates noxious humours & phlegm./It excites warmth;
it is said to brace the framework of the stomach./Inactivity with rest is
exceedingly hurtful to persons in good health

Images of Medieval French Armor
A thumbnail gallery of artist's representations of French Armor. A Few
ladies gowns and gentlemen's outfits are included in the thumbnails.

Extant French Clothing at a site called
Extant Clothing of the Middle Ages (Cynthia du Pres Argent)
Site includes pieces of ladies clothing, some pieces of famous personages
and a piece purportedly belonging to Charlemagne.

Medieval French Poetry in Translation
A gallery of thumbnails which are replicas of more moderns pages (and
accompanying illustrations) of purportedly Medieval French Poetry.

King Rene's Tournament Book (Both in the original and in English
(Site Excerpt) King René's Tournament Book,A Modern English Translation
By Elizabeth Bennett
 This web site presents a modern English translation of a medieval French
book on how to hold a tournament. The text, known as the traictié de la
forme et devis d'ung tournoy, was written circa 1460 by René of Anjou, King
of Jerusalem and Sicily. The tournament book describes a style of tournament
which René says he has adapted from the ancient customs of France and other
countries. Although René describes this tournament in vivid detail, we do
not know if such a tournament was ever held in the fifteenth century.

French Medieval Drama databases
A list of links

Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis
A Late Medieval French Book of Hours
(Site Excerpt) Books of hours were among the most common devotional texts of
the Middle Ages. Produced at a number of centers throughout western Europe,
books of hours were status items, often elaborately illuminated, that might
be tailored to the tastes of well-heeled clients, reflecting their interests
in particular saints or incorporating other elements of their personal lives
and commitments. The APS book, for example, incorporates four interrelated
coats of arms into the borders of illustrations. A sense of the spiritual
organization of time emerges through books of hours, and not only in their
title. From specifying the liturgical calendar to ordering the monastic day
into eight parts (matins to compline) with specific prayers and meditations
for each, the books were useful in situating daily lives within a divine

A brief description of some medieval French woodworking (with photos)
(Site Excerpt) For each piece I have tried to give a general description as
well as any technical or construction details that I found interesting.  I
have supplemented my notes with information from the other works listed at
the end of this article. Cl 318 - Chest, 15th Century  Frame and panel
construction.  The lid is of breadboard construction with mitred front
corners (see figure).  There are cove and bead moldings around the panels
and a square ovolo molding around the edge of the lid.

CELT (Corpus of Electronic Texts) Medieval French Texts
(Site Excerpt) There are few literary works in Hiberno-Norman French. The
larger work is the Song of Dermot and the Earl, a chanson de geste of 3458
lines of verse. The shorter is the Walling of New Ross of 220 lines, c.1275.
There are poems in the early 14th century amongst the customs of Waterford
in Cambridge, Corpus Christi MS 405. The work of Jofroi of Waterford also
belongs in this context. Most other Hiberno-French documents are
administrative (including commercial) or legal. Municipal customaries extend
to about 21,200 words. See Gearóid Mac Niocaill, Na buirgéisí, XII-XIV aois
i (Dublin 1964), 1-70. There is a mass of parliamentary legislation, most of
it quite unstudied and some instruments are lengthy. For example, the famous
Statute of Kilkenny is about 4,200 words (see Tracts relating to Ireland
(Dublin 1843), 27-121). To our knowledge none of these texts appear in
FRANTEXT/Trésor de la langue française/CNRS or in its American incarnation,
ARTFL (the major French language text-bases).

Art and Architecture in Medieval France
many links to images of period art and architectural details.

Medieval French Culture
A list of links to literature/art sources

ORB: High Medieval France
Features a variety of original essays, literature, texts, and resources for
the study of the history and culture of Medieval France. Medieval France History

Education World: Medieval France
A list of links (please be selective when choosing which to view: some seem
to have no connection to medieval France at all, others are directly

Fordham University's Medieval Sourcebook
A good jumping-off point for decent resources and research on many cultures

Music of Medieval France
While this is an album's description and contents list, there are clips you
can hear online.

Medieval Maps of France
(Site Excerpt) All maps in this section are from Shepherd, William R.
Historical Atlas,
(New York: Barnes and Noble, 1929)

Creating French Culture: Bibliotheqe Nationale de France/Library of Congress
This online exhibition has several sections: the link is to one of many.
(Site Excerpt) MONARCHS AND MONASTERIES By the mid-eighth century when the
Carolingian family deposed the Merovingian dynasty, the king was more than a
warlord, he was also a religious figure, the Christian leader of his
subjects, the new chosen people. From the start, his dual role spawned a
potent mix of religion, politics, and culture. Carolingian kings actively
supported the study of religious texts which prepared monks, the "soldiers
of Christ," to lead their people to salvation. Their courts served as
important centers for book collection, book production, and the
dissemination of antique culture throughout the West.

Literature of the French Middle Ages
An exhaustive list of links to sources for French Lit on the Web.

Wars of the Capetians From the tenth century to the Valois succession
(Site Excerpt) When the Captetian dynasty first came to power under Hugh
Capet France was divided among many powerful lords and the King of France
was an insignificant power. By the reign of Louis IX the Capetians were to
become the most powerful kings in Europe and to lead several crusades. Their
dynasty came to and end in 1328 when the last male Capetian died and the
house of Valois inherited. The Valois succesion preceded the Hundred Years
War because Edward the III of England claimed he should succeed.

Aristocratic Women in Medieval France
A book review (Site Excerpt) Were aristocratic women in medieval France
little more than appendages to patrilineal families, valued as objects of
exchange and necessary only for the production of male heirs? Such was the
view proposed by the great French historian Georges Duby more than three
decades ago and still widely accepted. In Aristocratic Women in Medieval
France another model is put forth: women of the landholding elite--from
countesses down to the wives of ordinary knights--had considerable rights,
and exercised surprising power.

Actor's Roles from Medieval France
(Site Excerpt) Medieval actors' rôles are unusual but fascinating
manuscripts. In an era before the widespread circulation of printed books,
each actor learning a part in a play had to be given a special type of
manuscript containing little more than those words he needed to memorise.
These manuscripts, often little more than scraps of paper, were used during
rehearsals, and probably discarded after the performance. By the very nature
of things, few of them survive; and when they do survive, they are usually
fragmentary and hard to decipher.

Medieval France Heraldry (wall paintings from 14th century)

Medieval Fortifications in France (photo archive)

Epic, Romance, and the Love of God: Medieval France and England, Useful
Sources for Medieval Study
A list of links for the study of the above subject (course material for a
class of the above name).

Noergate's Links list on Medieval France

Coins of Medieval France
Photos of a single French Coin

Marginal Sculpture in Medieval France: Toward the Deciphering an Enigmatic
Pictoral Language.
A book review (Site Excerpt)  Describes and analyzes the often grotesque
figures high on the corbels or tucked under the eaves of churches and civic
buildings. In trying to make sense of individual sculptures and the genre as
a whole, Kenaan-Kedar (medieval art, Tel-Aviv U.) demonstrates a repertory
of interest and importance, identifies themes and meanings, and traces their
development through an alternative culture of artist and artisans. She
focuses on Romanesque and Gothic monuments, illustrating over 120 figures in
black and white, and listing more than 730 she found altogether on the 13

Medieval Castles in France (For rent, too :)
Medieval Cities,Abbeys,Romanesque Churches Loire Valley,
Poitou,Charentes,Pays de Loire  France

French Medieval Armies and Navies
(Site Excerpt) The Oriflamme (meaning 'gold flame') was the sacred banner of
the Abbey of St. Denis. It reportedly accompanied the French kings in their
major battles, beginning with Louis VI's 1121 campaign against the emperor
Henry V. It is believed that the banner's last appearance was at the
disastrous battle of Maupertuis [near Poitiers] (1356), where the bearer was
killed and the flag disappeared. However, some reports suggest a few later
appearances. It is sometimes confused with the French king's royal standard
(gold fleur-de-lis on blue), which the Oriflamme often accompanied in major

Eurodocs: History of France, Primary Documents
A list of links divided by timeframe, which point to further links and

Medieval French (the language)
Two examples of the written word in Medieval French, each consisting of the
Lord's Prayer.

The greatest good you can do for another is not just share your riches, but
to reveal to him, his own.---Benjamin Disraeli


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