Date: Thu, 2 Oct 2003 21:27:41 -0400
Subject: [SCA-AS] Links: Pirates

Greetings! <<warning: a joke cometh>>Do you know where Pirate Captains stow their Buccaneers? Under their Buckin' hats!

It being the month of outrageous costumes, I have chosen Pirates as this week's Links topic. I must confess that I have a photo of Captain Jack Sparrow on my desk top. The sparrow being the heraldic Cockney beastie (I am a creature of distinctly Cockney origins), I thought his portrayal quite apt. Not all Pirates are Historical to our era of study---but a lot of them ARE!

Below you will find a list of 20 or so links, some of them in fun, that relate to Piracy in some way, and also somewhat through our time period. Be sure to check out your Pirate Name at the website, discover a bit about Pirate Navigation, Pirate Law, Pirate Wrecks, and more.

Be sure to pass this along to those who will find it interesting, and be sure to pirate it away from those who will be offended.


Iron Bess Vane (or Aoife, as I am more commonly known)

Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon

What's My Pirate Name?
A fun quiz to determine your true "Pirate Name." Mine is Iron Bess Vane. Make of it what you will :)

Medieval Pirates
(Site Excerpt) An ongoing site with articles and links on pirates as they apply to the Middle Ages and the SCA. Medieval Pirate Information. Associated Nautical Information. Pirate Websites (many have post-1600 info).Flag Information.

The History of Pirates by Angus Konstam (A book review)
(Site Excerpt) This book chronicles the violence, bravery, danger, and cruelty of those who have taken to the sea in search of wealth. It covers thousands of years--from ancient Greece and Rome to the Spanish Main to modern pirates. It has a pirate timeline, plus individual maps showing where each of the featured pirates operated. And it's written by pirate authority Angus Konstam, former curator of Arms and Armour at the Tower of London and now the chief curator of the Mel Fisher Maritime Museum in Key West.

Pirates! Fact and Legend

Biographies of Famous Pirates (booklist)

Mr Donn's World History of Pirates (about 1/3 down the page--lots of other good medieval and renaissance life lessons here, as well)
(Site Excerpt) Includes: Step Lively Matey - There be Pirates afoot!
Pirates Lesson Plans
The Dark Frigate (lesson plan, pirates, Newberry Award winner)
Pirates Homepage from Rochedale School
Pirates: Student Projects and Reports from Capt John Smith Elem
Pirates (clickable worksheet)
Corny Pirate Riddles (shockwave from Clevermedia)
Pirates (national geographic interactive)
Pirates Theme Page (CLN)

YoHo! It be them medieval Pirates! (semi-tongue in cheek)
(Site Excerpt) Some instances of Medieval Piracy or conflict over sea-trade: In 1217, after young Henry III became king, his main men William Marshall and Hubert DeBurgh defended his kingdom. While Marshall, Ranulf de Blundeville and French mercenary Falkes de Breauté fought the invading French knights and soldiers on land, De Burgh and King John's illegitimate son Richard Fitz-John routed the French reinforcements at sea at Sandwich, defeating naval captain Eustace the Monk, a French mercenary and probable pirate, who was executed and his head exhibited on a spear.

Medieval Sourcebook
Three Sources on the Ravages of the Northmen in Frankland, c. 843 - 912
(Site Excerpt) 843 A.D. Pirates of the Northmen's race came to Nantes, killed the bishop and many of the clergy and laymen, both men and women, and pillaged the city. Thence they set out to plunder the lands of lower Aquitaine. At length they arrived at a certain island [the isle of Rhé, near La Rochelle, north of the mouth of the Garonne], and carried materials thither from the mainland to build themselves houses; and they settled there for the winter, as if that were to be their permanent dwelling-place.

Ye Bibliographic Buccaneer

Pirate Image Archive

Delaware Art Museum's Guide to Howard Pyle - Pirates

Dirty Rotten Pirates Links Page

Pirates and Privateers
By Cindy Vallar
(Site Excerpt) WELCOME to Pirates and Privateers: The History of Maritime Piracy! Join me each month as I investigate the world of pirates, past and present, and introduce you to infamous swashbucklers in search of treasure.

A Guide to Maritime Research on the Internet
(Site Excerpt) Welcome to my web pages on Maritime History on the Internet. I hope to create a site that guides visitors in methods of doing maritime history research on the internet. Throughout these pages, you'll see that I believe you must use print resources and libraries to do comprehensive research, but as resources become available on the internet I hope to highlight them and bring them to your attention here.

(Site Excerpt) By the dawn of the sixteenth century, the ancient art of navigation had begun to develop rapidly in response to oceanic explorers who needed to find their positions without landmarks, to determine the locations of their discoveries, and to establish routes between the new-found lands and home. Although the relationship of certain heavenly bodies to time of day and terrestrial directions had been known since ancient times, the first two decades of the sixteenth century saw the rigorous application of astronomy and mathematics to navigation. The new learning met the New World.

Wreck databases and lists

Tudor Navigation and Seamanship (MaryRose site)
Synthesis of an article by the late Peter Whitlock
(Site Excerpt) Navigational science of the period was a rather hit or miss affair, particularly out of sight of land, and was basically to remain so until the mid 18th century. The tools of the pilot or navigator in Tudor times were relatively crude. The spyglass, later to be called the telescope, did not evolve until the early part of the 17th century, and a means of scientifically anticipating the weather was not available until the arrival of the barometer in 1643. No adequate survey of the British coastline existed until the the end of the 16th century.

Magnetic Declination Charts for Historical Epochs
(Site Excerpt) Researchers in the history of cartography, navigation, exploration and geomagnetism are well aware of the fact that a compass needle on Earth only approximately points to true North. As the geomagnetic poles lie at some distance from the geographical poles, the deviation of the compass needle (known as the 'magnetic variation' by mariners and 'magnetic declination' by geophysicists) can vary considerably over the Earth's surface and can be directed either to the East (positive) or to the West (negative).

Stefan's Florilegium: Pirates throughout the Middle Ages
(Site Excerpt from a message on the subject of Pirates) In the period 1200-1300CE, you could easily have been an English pirate almost anywhere in the European world. In the eastern Med, as a holdover from a Crusade, former Saracen prisoner, or participant in the wars involving the shattered Byzantine Empire, the Turks, Venice, and the Frankish Morea. in the western Med, the dispute between Aragon and the HRE over Sicily, the continuing wars between Christian and Muslim, the wars among the Italian cities In the Atlantic, the disputes between the English and French (cf earlier message re Eustace), the wars between England and Scotland. and in the Baltic, the various disputes among the Hansa cities, the Scandinavian kingdoms. Basically, whereever there was trade by sea, there have been those who made a living by piracy or privateering. So -- choose where and when you want to be; as long as you have the sea, you have pirates in our period

Pirate punishments and pirate sexuality
Punishments for buccaneers, outlaws and masculine antiheroes by squaddie
John © 2003
(Site Excerpt) The seventeenth century pirates lived by their own rules outside the law. In the times of the Royal Navy's press gangs, "going pirate" had considerable appeal for those who had nothing more to loose; it meant jumping ship naval or merchant. Pirates weren't lawless - pirate crews had pirates' rules and ship's agreements. These varied between communes where the rule was "one for all and all for one", including sharing the proceeds of piracy and raids. Life on-board ships run by the well-known pirate captains were mostly benign dictatorships run by consent rather than coercion. Pirate captains who attempted to perpetuate their rule as complete tyrants were mostly cruelly disposed of after mutinies of pirate ships companies.